February is American Heart Month, a time when organizations around the country share information and tips about improving (or maintaining) heart health. We’ve created a consolidated list that tells you what you need to know about heart-healthy living and steps you can take to improve the health and function of your body’s most vital organ.
We’ll start with a definition of what “heart-healthy living” really means. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NIH), “[h]eart-healthy living involves understanding your risk, making choices, and taking steps to reduce your chances of getting heart disease.”1
Understand Your Risk
The first component to heart-healthy living is understanding your risk. There are several risk factors for developing heart disease such as having high blood pressure or cholesterol, being a man over the age of 45 or a post-menopausal woman, smoking, having diabetes or not being physically active.2
Choose to Make Changes
The good news is that you can make choices today to help significantly lower your risk of getting heart disease in the future. Choices range from including more movement and activity in your day to changing up your diet. If you want to lower your risk of getting heart disease, you’ll want to be intentional about your movement and diet.
Create New Habits
Below are a few creative ways you can incorporate more physical activity and healthier food and beverage options into your daily habits.
Schedule time for stress-relieving hobbies like birdwatching, knitting, watching comedic videos (laughing is a great form of stress relief) or completing puzzles.Find fun ways to incorporate movement like:
- dancing while cleaning your home;
- performing squats when you’re brushing your teeth or washing your hands;
- competing against your co-workers or family members to see who can get the most steps;
- taking the stairs to see if you can beat the elevator;
- taking more trips to bring in the groceries, rather than trying to get them in one fell swoop
Lower cholesterol by sneaking great sources of fiber like oats, apples and avocados into dishes like salads or pancakes.
Eat fish high in omega-3 fatty acids like salmon or tuna about twice a week.
Avoid adding salt to a dish and instead reach for your herbs and spices.